[22][23], On March 4, Hillary Clinton carried Ohio and Rhode Island in the Democratic primaries; some considered these wins, especially Ohio, a "surprise upset" by 10%,[24][25] although she did lead in the polling averages in both states. Die parteiinternen Vorwahlen der Demokraten und Republikaner begannen am 3. Bush endorsed McCain, but the two did not campaign together, and Bush did not appear in person at the 2008 Republican National Convention. So wurde Barack Obama auch von lokalen Parteien in South Carolina und New York nominiert, während sein Kontrahent John McCain die Unterstützung von zwei regionalen Parteien in New York hatte. Red represents counties that went for McCain; blue represents counties that went for Obama. Simba, M. (2009). Wahl des Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika fand am 4. [nb 1] After a long primary season, Obama secured the Democratic nomination in June 2008. 1972 • Ten percent of Americans used social networking sites to learn about the election. John McCain supported the war while Barack Obama opposed it (Obama's early and strong opposition to the war helped him stand out against the other Democratic candidates during the primaries, as well as stand out to a war-weary electorate during the general campaign). On May 31, 2008, the Rules and Bylaws Committee of the Democratic Party reached a compromise on the Florida and Michigan delegate situation. [136], The Project for Excellence in Journalism and Harvard University's Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy conducted a study of 5,374 media narratives and assertions about the presidential candidates from January 1 through March 9, 2008. [48] The media speculated that Giuliani's pro-choice stance on abortion and McCain's age and support of the unpopular Iraq War would be detriments to their candidacies. Election Day was on November 4, 2008. [166] More than 100,000 write-in votes were cast and recorded for a scattering of other candidates, including 62 votes for "Santa Claus" (in ten states) and 11 votes for "Mickey Mouse" (in five states).[167]. "[10] Iowa has since been viewed as the state that jump-started Obama's campaign and set him on track to win both the nomination and the presidency. Daraus ging Barack Obama, Senator aus Illinois und Kandidat der Demokratischen Partei, als Sieger und damit als der 44. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten hervor. Obama flipped nine states that had voted Republican in 2004: Colorado, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, and Virginia, as well as Nebraska's 2nd congressional district. 1808 • Jeder Staat bestimmt, welche Voraussetzungen erfüllt sein müssen, um kandidieren zu können. Although sound bites of all of these "missteps" were played repeatedly on national television, many pundits and analysts say that the actual financial crisis and economic conditions caused McCain's large drop in support in mid-September and severely damaged his campaign. During the 2008 presidential campaign, Barr advocated a reworking or abolition of the income tax[71] and opposed the war in Iraq[72] and the Patriot Act.[73]. USA zwischen Pandemie und Wahl Wohin die Märkte in den kommenden Monaten steuern. 1840 • Obama's active use of a Blackberry and other modern technology also stood in contrast to the Arizona Senator's admission that he did not use a computer or a cell phone. Amtsinhaber George W. Bush durfte nach zwei Amtsperioden laut Verfassung nicht mehr kandidieren. [122] The campaign of Democratic presidential nominee Barack Obama filed a lawsuit challenging this. [75][76][77] In March 2008, Bush endorsed McCain at the White House,[78] but did not make a single appearance for McCain during the campaign. Einige Kandidaten setzen auch einen Teil ihres eigenen Vermögens ein. After Super Tuesday, John McCain had become the clear front runner, but by the end of February, he still had not acquired enough delegates to secure the nomination. McCain eventually displaced Rudy Giuliani and Romney as the front runner in New Hampshire. 1852 • During late 2007, the two parties adopted rules against states' moving their primaries to an earlier date in the year. Change in vote margins at the county level from the 2004 election to the 2008 election. The Audacity to Win. Zum Vizepräsidenten wurde Joe Biden, Senator aus Delaware, gewählt. His age in particular was considered a liability against the youthful Senator Obama, who was the first Generation Xer to run for president on a major party ticket. [105], The reported cost of campaigning for president has increased significantly in recent years. Also notably, Barack Obama won all of the 2004 swing states (states that either Kerry or Bush won by less than 5%) by a margin of 8.5 percent or more except for Ohio, which the Democrat carried by 4.5 percent. [121] Allegations arose in Michigan that the Republican Party planned to challenge the eligibility of voters based on lists of foreclosed homes. Clinton sicherte ihm ihre Unterstützung zu. Sein republikanischer Gegner John McCain gestand seine Niederlage ein. [146], The voter turnout for this election was broadly predicted to be high by American standards,[147][148] and a record number of votes were cast. Now, because a form of proportional representation and popular vote decided Democratic state delegate contests, numbers were close between Clinton and Obama. Stempel III, Guido H. and Thomas K. Hargrove, eds. Bei allen Kandidaten stellen die Einzelspenden von Bürgern die größte Einnahmequelle dar. Because one West Virginia elector voted for the Democrat in 1916, Obama was the first Democrat to win without any electors from the state since its founding in 1863. 1996 • Media speculation had begun almost immediately after the results of the 2004 presidential election were released. 1789 • Clinton's victory in the New Hampshire primary made her the first woman to win a major party's presidential primary. Zur Auswahl der Parteitagsdelegierten hielten die großen Parteien allgemeine Vorwahlen ab, in denen die Bürger ihre Unterstützung für einen Bewerber zum Ausdruck bringen konnten. [117] YouTube and other online video outlets allowed candidates to advertise in ways like never before. 13 Kandidaten waren in mehreren Bundesstaaten vertreten, aber es gab insgesamt nur sechs Kandidaten, die in genügend Staaten antraten, um die Mehrheit der Wahlmänner erlangen zu können. State popular vote results are from the official Federal Election Commission report. This out-of-touch image was further cultivated when, on September 15, the day of the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy, at a morning rally in Jacksonville, Florida, McCain declared that "the fundamentals of our economy are strong," despite what he described as "tremendous turmoil in our financial markets and Wall Street. [93], All the aforementioned remarks and campaign issues hurt McCain's standing with voters. Zum Vizepräsidenten wurde Joe Biden, Senator aus Delaware, gewählt. Robert J. Blendon, Drew E. Altman, John M. 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Dawes, 30th Vice President (1925–1929), "White House 2008: Republican Nomination", "Giuliani Announces He's In '08 Presidential Race", "Romney Announces His Candidacy for 2008", "Paul formally launches presidential bid", "New poll finds McCain reshaping GOP race", "Election Center 2008: Primary Results for South Carolina", "For Giuliani, A Disappointing Fade To Exit", "Schwarzenegger backs McCain for president", "Romney endorses McCain for GOP nomination", "Huckabee bows to 'inevitable,' ends GOP run", "At KC convention, Constitution Party picks pastor for president", "BALDWIN 2008 PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN KICKS OFF", "Bob Barr: 'We must both reduce and simplify taxes, "Bob Barr thinking 'very serious' thoughts about a presidential race, Iraq, and torture", "Bob Barr, Civil Libertarian. The election saw increased participation from African Americans, who made up 13.0% of the electorate, versus 11.1% in 2004. This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 08:20. [9], Early in the year, the support for Barack Obama started to increase in the polls and he passed Clinton for the top spot in Iowa; he ended up winning the caucus in that state, with John Edwards coming in second and Clinton in third. The Texas Supreme Court dismissed the lawsuit without explanation. The Democratic ticket of Barack Obama, the junior U.S. During the entire general election campaign, Obama countered by pointing out in ads and at numerous campaign rallies that McCain had claimed in an interview that he voted with Bush 90% of the time, and congressional voting records supported this for the years Bush was in office.[79]. [84] However, media interviews suggested that Palin lacked knowledge on certain key issues, and they cast doubt among many voters about her qualifications to be vice president or President. Obwohl John McCain schon im März seiner Kandidatur sicher sein und damit direkt in den Hauptwahlkampf starten konnte, blieben seine Wahlkampfauftritte wenig beachtet, da sich die öffentliche Aufmerksamkeit auf das enge Rennen zwischen Barack Obama und Hillary Clinton konzentrierte. [10] Obama's win was fueled mostly by first time caucus-goers and Independents and showed voters viewed him as the "candidate of change. The House Judiciary Committee wrote to the Department of Justice requesting an investigation. Romney endorsed McCain on February 14.[65]. Presidential popular votes by county as a scale from red/Republican to blue/Democratic. 1920 • 1940 • She also came under attack on everything from her 17-year-old daughter giving birth to a child out of wedlock to actively participating in hunting moose and other animals. 1944 • While neither of them ran, former presidents Jimmy Carter and George H. W. Bush, each having served only one term, were both eligible to run for a second term as president. Almost a quarter of Americans saw something about the election in an online video. [31][32] In the actual results, Obama outperformed the polls by several points in both states, winning by a significant margin in North Carolina[33] and losing by only 1.1% in Indiana (50.56% to 49.44%). [12] Clinton's win was the first time a woman had ever won a major American party's presidential primary for the purposes of delegate selection. Beginnen wir mit zwei Zahlen: Am Montag, dem 11. 1928 • [54] In the third quarter of 2007, the top four GOP (Republican) fundraisers were Romney, Giuliani, Thompson, and Ron Paul. Mit über 131 Millionen abgegebenen Stimmen beteiligten sich so viele Menschen wie noch nie zuvor an einer amerikanischen Präsidentschaftswahl. The choice of Palin was controversial; however, it appeared to solve two pressing concerns—McCain's age and health (since a youthful vice president would succeed him to office if he died or became incapacitated) and appealing to right-wing conservatives, a group that had been comparatively unmoved by McCain. Er stand in fünf US-Bundesstaaten auf dem Wahlzettel, obwohl er kein Bürger der Vereinigten Staaten ist. Die Vereidigung des Vizepräsidenten fand am selben Tag statt. This election exhibited the continuation of some of the polarization trends evident in the 2000 and 2004 elections. Throughout the primary process, she relied on the support of older, white, working class voters. Barack Obama, der 44. und erste schwarze Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Internationale Umfragen sehen Barack Obama schon im Weißen Haus. 1812 • Bis zu diesem Tag wurde er als „President-Elect“ (gewählter Präsident) bezeichnet. Obama had maintained a similar advantage over Senator Hillary Clinton in the Democratic Primary.[115]. Amy Goodman, principal host of Democracy Now!, moderated. August 2008, sueddeutsche.de, ‚Obama ist der Mann für den Job‘, 28. Aus Pietät gegenüber den Opfern und der laufenden Evakuierung wurde am ersten Tag nur die Konstituierung der Versammlung durchgeführt. [123], Libertarian candidate Bob Barr filed a lawsuit in Texas to have Obama and McCain removed from the ballot in that state. This played a critical role in Southern states such as North Carolina. The general election in November is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College; these electors in turn directly elect the president and vice president. Formal wurden am 4. Der Leiter der US-amerikanischen Bundeswahlbehörde FEC, Michael E. Toner, ging davon aus, dass die Präsidentschaftswahl 2008 die teuerste in der Geschichte der USA sein werde. Voters aged 18–29 voted for Obama by 66–32 percent while elderly voters backed McCain 53–45 percent. Bush appeared at the 2008 GOP convention only through a live video broadcast. An October 22, 2008 Pew Research Center poll estimated 70% of registered voters believed journalists wanted Barack Obama to win the election, as opposed to 9% for John McCain. Obama voters were more likely than McCain voters to believe government can do much about health care costs.[101]. Together with Maine, which would not split its votes until 2016, Nebraska is one of two states that split their electoral votes, two going to the statewide popular vote winner and the rest going to the winner of each respective congressional district (Nebraska has three, and Maine has two). These were the Constitution Party, the Green Party, and the Libertarian Party. Obama used it against him as part of his strategy to tie him to the unpopular President Bush. All six candidates appeared on the ballot for a majority of the voters, while the 17 other listed candidates were available to no more than 30% of the voters. [157] This was also the case in Virginia, where much higher turnout among African Americans propelled Obama to victory in the former Republican stronghold. [132] This was later parodied on Saturday Night Live. Der Demokrat Barack Obama wird als erster schwarzer US-Präsident in das Weiße Haus einziehen. However, Obama was quick to remind voters that there would have been no need for a "surge" had there been no war at all, thus questioning McCain's judgment. Besondere Beachtung fand hierbei eine Veranstaltung in Unity („Einheit“), New Hampshire, das wegen seines Namens und der Tatsache, dass die Vorwahl dort unentschieden zwischen Obama und Clinton ausgegangen war, als besonders symbolträchtig galt. 1844 • In October 2007, liberal commentators accused Russert of harassing Clinton over the issue of supporting drivers' licenses for illegal immigrants. Ein Jahr nach seiner Wahl weckt Barack Obama unter den Amerikanern weiterhin Leidenschaften – aber auf der für ihn falschen Seite. [14] Obama wurde auf Vorschlag Hillary Clintons per Akklamation zum Kandidaten der Demokraten gewählt. [85] Because of Palin's conservative views, there was also concern that she would alienate independents and moderates, two groups that pundits observed McCain would need to win the election.[86]. Obama 2008 61 Prozent der Stimmen bei den Wählern unter 30 Jahre. 1924 • Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the political parties, in which case each party devises a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. 1956 • Diese waren. Als Herr Obama auf die Bühne trat, sah man ihm die Erschöpfung an. Obama gelang es jedoch danach, elf Siege am Stück zu erringen, was Clinton in starke Bedrängnis brachte. Obama made dramatic gains in every region of the country except for Arizona, Appalachia, and the inner South, where McCain improved over Bush. [110][111], On December 16, 2007, Ron Paul collected $6 million, more money on a single day through Internet donations than any presidential candidate in US history. Obama also won the hotly contested states of Iowa and New Mexico, which Al Gore had won in 2000 and George W. Bush in 2004. 2012 • [29] In addition, Clinton had several advantages in Pennsylvania. November 2008 statt. Daher ist die Datengrundlage bei der Wahlmännerberechnung deutlich schwächer. [21], The Louisiana, Nebraska, Hawaii, Wisconsin, U.S. Virgin Islands, the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia primaries and the Washington and Maine caucuses all took place after Super Tuesday in February. North Carolina and the bellwether state of Missouri remained undecided for several days. Thirty-seven percent of Americans ages 18–24 got election news from social networking sites. The campaign was strongly affected by the onset of a major financial crisis, which peaked in September 2008. [28] Obama had outspent Clinton three to one in Pennsylvania, but his comment at a San Francisco fundraiser that small-town Americans "cling" to guns and religion drew sharp criticism from the Clinton campaign and may have hurt his chances in the Keystone State. [37], There was some speculation that the fight over the delegates could last until the convention in August. Die republikanischen Gegenkandidaten, Senator John McCain aus Arizona und Gouverneurin Sarah Palin aus Alaska, unterlagen deutlich. [120] On October 5, 2008 the Republican Lt. Vote from Home attracted the most attention when thirteen of the group's members moved to the same location in eastern Columbus. 66 Prozent der US-Amerikaner machten von ihrem Wahlrecht Gebrauch - so viele, wie seit 100 Jahren nicht mehr. Von den anderen Kandidaten trat Nader in 46 Staaten an, Barr in 45, Baldwin in 37 und McKinney in 32. Late night TV host David Letterman jokingly referred to Palin as resembling "a slutty flight attendant" and even Obama himself on a September 9 speech referred to the Alaska governor's policies as "the equivalent of putting lipstick on a pig". Es gab auch eine große Anzahl von Superdelegierten, die wegen eines öffentlichen Amtes oder eines Amtes in der Partei eine Stimme am Parteitag haben. This was Pennsylvania, on April 22. Bei diesen nationalen Parteitagen, die traditionell stets im Sommer stattfinden, stimmen die Delegierten der Bundesstaaten über den Präsidentschafts- und Vizepräsidentschaftskandidaten der Partei ab. "The U.S. South and the 2008 Election,", Jessee, Stephen A. Im Wahljahr fanden teilweise in täglichen Intervallen Umfragen zahlreicher Meinungsforschungsinstitute statt. [60] By this time, after several scandals, no success in the early primaries, and a third-place finish in Florida, Giuliani conceded from the nomination race and endorsed John McCain the next day. [180] Obama also defied political bellwethers, becoming the first person to win the presidency while losing Missouri since 1956 (as well as the first Democrat ever to do so) and while losing Kentucky and Tennessee since 1960. On September 24, 2008, after the onset of the 2008 global financial crisis, McCain announced that he was suspending his campaign to return to Washington so he could help craft a $700 billion bailout package for the troubled financial industry, and he stated that he would not debate Obama until Congress passed the bailout bill.

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