Die Ermordung von Rosa Luxemburg und Karl Liebknecht Wenige Tage nach der blutigen Niederschlagung des Januaraufstands verhafteten am 15. [2]  Born in 1870, killed 15 January, 1919. Rosa Luxemburg (Rosalia Luxemburg, polsk: Róża Luksemburg; født 5. marts 1871, død 15. januar 1919) var en polsk-tysk socialistisk politisk tænker, der i starten af det 20. århundrede kritiserede den reformisme, det tyske socialdemokrati var slået ind på. [7]  Wilson, Woodrow (1857–1924)––"Democratic" president of the United States, formerly a professor. There have been struck down from our ranks two leaders whose names will be for ever entered in the great book of the proletarian revolution: Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg. More than once she rebuked the most stalwart leaders of German Social Democracy in the discussion of questions of foreign policy, saying that, when the issue is adopting resolutions, the socialists are very radical, but when it comes to genuine struggle against the war and against the government that called forth this war, then they all "hide in the bushes. Title: Memorial to Rosa Luxemburg and and Karl Liebknecht Author: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Location: Berlin, Germany Year complete: 1926, destroyed 1933 In 1926, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was commissioned by communist art historian and collector Eduard Fuchs to build a monument to Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two Marxist revolutionaries murdered by right-wing reactionary … Geburtstag von Karl Liebknecht und Rosa Luxemburg. Verhaftung am 15. This is so odious that I openly and calmly declare that the German trade union leaders and German Social Democrats are the greatest of scoundrels. Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht were turn-of-the-century anti-imperialist, anti-war revolutionaries. Bebel himself, knowing Liebknecht since childhood and loving him as a son, attacked him harshly for such, in his view, an "adventurist" proposal. Liebknecht, the son of one of the SPD’s central founders, had a prominent position as a left and anti-militarist before 1914. ... Ermordung von Karl und Rosa - Duration: 9:26. schwarzfahrprofi 31,864 views. Death: 15 Jan 1919 (aged 47), Berlin-Mitte, Mitte, Berlin, Germany Liebknecht became an exponent of Marxist ideas during his study of law and political economy in Leipzig and Humboldt University of Berlin. It brought forth a republic, but also deepened the split in the workers' movement. members of the "Spartacus" union (Spartacus was the name of the leader of a well-known uprising of Roman slaves), formed at the beginning of the war by K. Liebknecht, R. Luxemberg, L. Jogiches (Tyszka), and others. He was a controversial figure during the Revolution of 1918-19 who advocated a Bolshevist style proletarian revolution. With that there should be no doubt that the blood of Liebknecht and Luxemburg will quicken the ripening of world socialist revolution! View all copies of this book. Heiko Khoo is a columnist with China.org.cn. [7] On 2 December 1914, he was the only member of the Reichstag to vote against further loans, the supporters of which included 110 of his own party members. Januar 1919 wurden Rosa Luxemburg und Karl Liebknecht wegen ihrer politischen Überzeugungen getötet. At the end of 1914, Liebknecht, together with Rosa Luxemburg, Leo Jogiches, Paul Levi, Ernest Meyer, Franz Mehring and Clara Zetkin, formed the so-called Spartacus League (Spartakusbund). State–Labour Relations and Spaces of Dissent: Whither Labour Activism? Programm: 7 Uhr Treffpunkt und Fahrt 10 Uhr Beginn der Demo Sided with the revisionist wing of the party. [9] Following the outbreak of the German Revolution, Liebknecht carried on his activities in the Spartacist League. We need to return, comrades, to the atmosphere of sleek and decorous Social Democracy and the Second International of that time, when the demands of Liebknecht seemed to be madness. Die SED und das Gedenken an Rosa Luxemburg und Karl Liebknecht. In 1916, after the split of the "independent SDs" from the official party, "Spartacus" joined the "independents," preserving, however, its internal autonomy. At a moment when things are particularly difficult, when our Red Army soldiers, somewhere around Archangelsk or in some other distant front in the cold, poorly dressed and shoed, have to lie side-by-side and return fire from imperialist bands; or when our women workers have to return to hungry children with an eighth of a pound of bread or have to overcome these or other new adversities––at that difficult moment we will remember Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg. At present Scheidemann and his gang, Ebert. Am 15. Dozens of articles about this were printed in the most widely distributed bourgeois newspapers, and entire brochures were published to the effect that K. Marx was himself always a pan-Germanist, a proponent of the "great" bourgeois Germany. By 13 January, the uprising had been extinguished. Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht murdered: 100 years on azad January 15, 2019. What will be the tasks of worker-revolutionaries when the criminal hand of the bourgeoisie leads Europe to that imperialist war? Liebknecht was alone in voting against war credits in the German Reichstag, and his voice resounded across the entire world. [1]  "Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg," a speech delivered to a meeting of the Petrograd Soviet on 18 January 1919, was published in a special brochure together with a speech of Comrade Trotsky. When Karl Liebknecht emerged from prison, from that stone cell, when the raging workers' movement tore him from there, the first movement of his spirit was to recall the working class of the country in which that class raised the banner of the Commune and to which befell the great joy of victory. This was consolidated when he became the first SPD MP to vote against the war. Initially, he and Luxemburg opposed the revolt, but they joined it after it had begun. Liebknecht was one of the first to swim against the current. K. Liebknecht first of all thought of us, of the Russian revolution, and headed directly to his goal, to the building of the Russian embassy, where our comrades were still at that time, bared his head before the building and said that he sends "brotherly greetings to the first government of the calloused hand.". [6] He opposed Germany's participation in World War I, but in order not to infringe the party's unity he abstained from the vote on war loans on 4 August 1914. We need to return, comrades, to the atmosphere of sleek and decorous Social Democracy and the Second International of that time, when the demands of Liebknecht seemed to be madness. Translation involves difficult decisions about word choice and sentence structure, but I have tried to remain true to the author's meaning without doing violence to his words. Official declarations said he had been shot in an attempt to escape. 16, Osnovopolozhniki i vozhdi kommunizma; biograficheskie ocherki, Leningrad: Gosizdat, 1924, 198–212), Her brilliant books and articles on the mass strike, her speeches in Jena. Jahrestag der Ermordung der beiden Revolutionäre. Perhaps several years of serious impoverishment, struggles, famine, starvation! After their deaths, Liebknecht and Luxemburg became martyrs for the socialist cause in Germany and throughout Europe. Imagine what powerful propaganda the very death of such a man as Karl Liebknecht serves for the idea of communism. Liebknecht was born in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany, the son of Wilhelm Martin Philipp Christian Ludwig Liebknecht and his second wife Natalie (née Reh), who also came from a family with a strong political background as her father Theodor was a member of the Frankfurt Parliament of 1848. To which another French soldier pronounced: "Yes, Karl Liebknecht." Luise Kautsky veröffentlichte 1920 eine Auswahl ihrer Briefe aus dem Gefängnis an sie selbst, Karl Kautsky, Mathilde Jacob, Sonja Liebknecht und andere. She was a founding member of the Communist Party of Germany. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. She was murdered along with Karl Liebknecht. Who stands for the constituent assembly in Germany? Eine Biographie. The German proletariat was portrayed as a collection of bandits. Rosa Luxemburg especially emphasized this. Is this not the greatest satisfaction for the workers, for the peasants and Red Army soldiers of Soviet Russia? 9:26 . She said, "Look what is happening in Riga and in the occupied places. German Social Democrat, who, with Rosa Luxemburg and other radicals, founded the Spartakusbund (Spartacus League), a Berlin underground group that became the Communist Party of Germany, dedicated to a socialist revolution. Rosa Luxemburg was one of the key leaders of the Spartacist movement. She was the true embodiment of an internationalist. Karl Liebknecht was the leading German socialist opponent of the First World War. Helmut Trotnow: Karl Liebknecht – eine politische Biographie. The uprising was brutally opposed by the new German government under Friedrich Ebert with the help of the remnants of the Imperial German Army and militias called the Freikorps. Freiligrath was a close friend of Karl Marx. We know what an enormous role youth played in our revolution; it played the same in both the German and international [revolutions]. The Burgergerwehr (Civil Guard) of Wilmersdrof, a suburb of Berlin, raided the illegal dwelling of Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg and arrested and took them both to the Eden Hotel in Berlin, the Staff Headquarters of the Gardeschuetzen (Horse Guards) Division. To Rosa Luxemburg belongs the immense credit, which she shares with our comrade and teacher, Lenin, for formulating in 1907 at the international socialist congress in Stuttgart the basic idea for which Liebknecht and Luxemburg perished and for which everything that is honest and heroic in the international working class is now fighting. Home; About; Services Menu Toggle. [14][15], Clara Zetkin penned an obituary for Liebknecht in September 1919[16] and together with Rosa Luxemburg he became a celebrated martyr of the German left. Buy Mord an Rosa Luxemburg und Karl Liebknecht: Dokumentation eines politischen Verbrechens by (ISBN: 9783889771865) from Amazon's Book Store. Liebknecht sent us a letter at the Zimmerwald conference which ended with famous words in response to the slogan that Schiedemann and his fraternity had issued at the start of the war: "Civil peace, reconciliation between classes, between wolves and sheep, between the bourgeoisie and the working class, between the butcher-monarchs and the soldiers and peasants." WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Karl Liebknecht und Rosa Luxemburg. Liebknecht was an active member of the Second International and a founder of the Socialist Youth International. In 1912, Liebknecht was elected to the Reichstag as a Social-Democrat, a member of the SPD's left-wing. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Köln 1980, ISBN 3-462-01387-4. Search. The German Federal Office for the Pertection o the Constitution notes that idolisation o Rosa Luxemburg ad Karl Liebknecht is an important tradeetion o German faur-left activism. Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht were true revolutionary heroes, and their ideas and legacy will be remembered down the ages. The workers of Germany will step over it, and together with them we will reach the complete victory of the Third International! Die jaarlikse herdenking van die moord op Rosa Luxemburg en Karl Liebknecht, wat op die tweede Sondag van Januarie in Berlyn plaasvind, is nog steeds een van die grootste politieke betogings van Duitsland. A Response to Cummings and Shoikhedbrod: Towards Decolonizing the Jewish Question? Spartakus : Rosa Luxemburg und Karl Liebknecht.. [Giselher Schmidt] Home. Januar 1919 ZINOV'EV, Grigory Evseevich. Who now, after the death of Liebknecht and Luxemburg, will think of their own personal life? In the final elections before the war elected vice-president of the Reichstag by the Social Democrats. Campus, Frankfurt am Main 2008, ISBN 978-3-593-38747-5 (alemany) Barbara Könczöl: „Dem Karl Liebknecht haben wir's geschworen, der Rosa Luxemburg reichen wir die Hand“ – Der Wandel des 15. Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg always felt the most intimate and fraternal connection to our revolution. He did not personally participate in the Zimmerwald conference because he had been conscripted; he was sent to the front in the calculation that a stray bullet would remove that dangerous enemy of the bourgeoisie. He was a founder of the union of international youth, which has a great future. The last phrase in Liebknecht's letter read as such: "Comrades, our business now is to say––no civil peace, but civil war, this is the watchword of our day.". In the next year, he was elected to the Prussian parliament despite still being in prison.[6]. We know only one example from French history when a German socialist was so loved by French workers: I speak of Friedrich Engels. Sara Ann Sewell, "Mourning Comrades: Communist Funerary Rituals in Colonge during the Weimar Republic", Karl Liebknecht's works (in English) at the, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 17:39. Karl Liebknecht Biography German Social Democrat, who, with Rosa Luxemburg and other radicals, founded the Spartakusbund (Spartacus League), a Berlin underground group that became the Communist Party of Germany, dedicated to a socialist revolution. Many considered him a great prophet who would open a new era in the history of humanity. Doch beide blieben bei ihrer aufrührerischen Propaganda. Rosa Luxemburg[2] belongs among the few individuals in the contemporary generation of the workers' movement to whom a share of the greatest happiness came: to serve not only as a populariser of the ideas of Marx but also to work farther, to add her own word to the field of Marxist theory. On 1 May 1916 he was arrested and imprisoned for giving an anti-war speech in central Berlin. Look how the international proletariat views our policies. Germany is closer to Russia, consequently Bolshevism is more dangerous for us than for you." Historical Materialism is a Marxist journal, appearing 4 times a year, based in London. [3]  The Jena congress of Social Democrats in 1905. Only a small group headed by Clara Zetkin was united with Rosa Luxemburg and sat next to her when the reproaches poured over her. Anti-Anti-Zionism and Bad Faith Critique: Refuting a Misrepresentation of Enzo Traverso, Capital Comes to America: Charles H. Kerr & Company and the Cross-Atlantic Journey of Marx’s Master Work, Debating The Other Adam Smith: A Response to Christian Thorne’s Review, Dialectical Confusion: On Jason Moore’s Posthumanist Marxism. Rosa Luxemburg sounded the revolutionary alarm, she demanded honesty and loyalty to the banner of the International. Wilson's prestige suffered a fatal blow, he became a laughing stock for the entire world. The famous Monument to Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, originally named Monument to the November Revolution (Revolutionsdenkmal) which was built in 1926 in Berlin-Lichtenberg and destroyed in 1935, was designed by pioneering modernist and later Bauhaus director Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. The goal of the union was to fight against official Social Democracy, which had betrayed the cause of the proletariat and supported the military policies of the German [bourgeoisie]. Karl Liebknecht Karl Liebknecht was born in August 1871 and died in January 1919. Ahead are months and possibly years of difficult trials, deprivation, struggle.". Liebknecht achieved fame immediately after the war by leading, with Rosa Luxemburg, the Spartacists in the so-called German Revolution against the government of Friedrich Ebert. [9]  August Winnig––one of the leaders of the Hamburg trade-union movement, prior to the war was editor of the central organ of construction workers, Grundstein (Winnig was a mason by trade) and member of the local Hamburg parliament. Her murder was couched in terms of “Hohenzollern Germany celebrat (ing) its last triumph and Nazi Germany its first”, by socialist historian Isaac Deutscher. And only a small group of Marxists, at the head of which stood Lenin and Rosa Luxemburg, said in 1907, eleven years ago: imperialist war is approaching, the bourgeoisie of all countries is leading all of humanity toward this unavoidable catastrophe. Do you want to know why exactly Rosa Luxemburg was killed? So what would have happen if Karl and Rosa weren't killed and turned Germany into their version of communist haven, with a Jewish woman in charge? He did not personally participate in the Zimmerwald conference because he had been conscripted; he was sent to the front in the calculation that a stray bullet would remove that dangerous enemy of the bourgeoisie. Possessing all of these first-class attributes, Rosa Luxemburg worked on the stage of the labour movement no less than a quarter century. In fact the corpse is the old, rotten Social Democrats who have turned into bourgeois executioners. Home; About; Services Menu Toggle. The coming months may be even more difficult for us. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. Liebknecht's parents were second cousins as his maternal great-grandmother was the sister of one of his paternal great-grandfathers. Rosa Luxemburg accused Scheidemann and his gang of wanting to help strangle the Russian revolution. There is a document––and, probably, there are many of them––that bears witness to the love in France for Karl Liebknecht. Would the Holocaust be avoided? Items in brackets are the translator's insertions for clarity or, in the case of note 6, correction of Friedrich Ebert's name (identified as "Fritz" in the original). Read her speech to the congress of Spartacists,[8] given on 31 December, 1918. Emotion Coaching; Free Resources; Blog; Contact At the beginning of the war, in 1915, everything German was cursed in France. Januar 1919 wurden die Sozialisten Rosa Luxemburg und Karl Liebknecht von Freikorpstruppen unter Einwilligung der SPD verhaftet, in „Schutzhaft“ genommen und ermordet. He continued to be a major critic of the Social-Democratic leadership under Karl Kautsky and its decision to acquiesce in going to war. Precisely for that they were especially hated by the Berlin social democrats. Hun stod i 1919 sammen med bl.a. Karl Liebknecht, (born Aug. 13, 1871, Leipzig—died Jan. 15, 1919, Berlin), German Social Democrat, who, with Rosa Luxemburg and other radicals, founded the Spartakusbund (Spartacus League), a Berlin underground group that became the Communist Party of Germany, dedicated to a socialist revolution.Liebknecht was killed in the Spartacus Revolt of January 1919. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. Liebknecht and Luxemburg were captured by Garde-Kavallerie-Schützen-Division troops on 15 January 1919 and brought to the Eden Hotel in Berlin, where they were tortured and interrogated for several hours. Three days after the murders of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht in January, 1919, Grigorii Zinoviev, chair of the Petrograd soviet, delivered to that body the following tribute. Following one frightfully unsuccessful exchange of fire for the French in 1915, the French frontline soldiers gathered in a circle, started a fire, and the survivors––among whom were many French intellectual workers––began to discuss their fate and think about what awaited them further. Rosa Luxemburg (1871-1919) war eine einflussreiche Vertreterin der europäischen Arbeiterbewegung, des Marxismus, Antimilitarismus und "proletarischen Internationalismus". For his famous booklet, "Against Militarism," he was imprisoned for months on end. Liebknecht was born in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany, the son of Wilhelm Martin Philipp Christian Ludwig Liebknecht and his second wife Natalie (née Reh), who also came from a family with a strong political background as her father Theodor was a member of the Frankfurt Parliament of 1848. To the bourgeoisie it seems that the proletariat is a corpse over which they will step to get to the constituent assembly. As You remember the recent dialogue between French and German generals. [12][13] Following this, Luxemburg was beaten with rifle butts and afterwards shot and her corpse thrown into the Landwehr Canal while Liebknecht was forced to step out of the car in which he was being transported and was then shot in the back. Stavros Tombazos and the Discordance of Times, The Challenges of Understanding Digital Labour: Questions of Exploitation and Resistance, The General Theory of Permanent Revolution, The Humanisation of Nature and the Naturalisation of Marxism, Trotsky and the Problem of Soviet Bureaucracy, Two Revolutions, One International Legal Order, Marxism & Latin America: Jeffery R. Webber, Borderland Marxism and Russia’s Revolutionary Periphery: Eric Blanc, Marxism, Space and a Few Urban Questions: A Rough Guide to the English Language Literature.